I took Fedora-17-x86_64-DVD.iso and installed Fedora 17 on a Hyper-V virtual machine. The installation went fine, but booting a system fails with a "Oh no! Something has gone wrong." screen.
Fedora 16 runs on Hyper-V without problems. So there is something in version 17 that breaks the compatibility. I can help investigating this issue by collecting logs etc.